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This chapter examines whether a policy strategy based on social exclusion and pushing ‘work first’ can sustain a commitment to egalitarian social democratic values, something on which Goes (see chapter 6) casts doubt.While I acknowledge the continuities between Labour and Conservative approaches to welfare reform, I argue that there are important social democratic elements in New Labour policy which cast doubt on a straightforward ‘neo-liberal convergence’ thesis.
In government, Labour's welfare-to-work programme has been the centrepiece of the welfare reform drive and of Labour's attempt to mark out a new 'Third Way' for the Centre-Left.
Welfare politics in the twentieth century on both sides of the Atlantic operated within a political and institutional culture that gave priority to managing social security and which neglected human capital.
A more equal society is about widening opportunities to work.
Helping people become more employable – ‘employability’ – has both the short-term goal of getting the unemployed into the labour market and the long-term one of building the stocks of human capital that shape an individual’s life chances, including earning capacities.
In government, Labour’s welfare-to-work programme has been the centrepiece of this welfare reform drive – and of Labour’s attempt to mark out a new ‘Third Way’ for the Centre-Left.
But some (for example, Cammack, in chapter 8 of this book) see New Labour’s US-influenced welfare reforms as marking a consensus, not a break with the New Right.
Through the review of literature it is seen that the condition of labour, in the initial stage was very miserable.
Later on, a number of acts were passed by the Government to affect various welfare measures and improve the condition of the labour.
And that is the very reason that government is highly interested in the development of industries.
Welfare activities in India were largely influenced by philanthropists and social workers.