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Caliban's human qualities illuminate another of the play's themes and, in doing so, shed light on Shakespeare's world, which was just becoming aware of the natives of America.
In the course of the play he and Stephano attempt to murder Prospero.
Though Caliban is powerless to effect his schemes, his villainous nature is an important element in The Tempest's scheme of things.
He is very much tied to his passions and instincts whereas Ariel, being a spirit, is more detached from things in general., Prospero is served by both Ariel and Caliban.
But whereas the former serves willingly, Caliban despises—and ultimately betrays—his master.
Caliban has often been taken as being representative of the New World natives often oppressed and enslaved by European conquerors, and he does have grounds for complaint against Prospero's brusque treatment of him.
But he does not appear very favourable in himself; he apparently tried to rape Miranda and is capable of plotting murder.Both are connected to the witch Sycorax who ruled the island before Prospero: Ariel was imprisoned by her, before being rescued by Prospero, while Caliban is her offspring. Ariel performs a lot of magical feats at his master's command while Caliban is a more lowly and...Both are connected to the witch Sycorax who ruled the island before Prospero: Ariel was imprisoned by her, before being rescued by Prospero, while Caliban is her offspring. Ariel performs a lot of magical feats at his master's command while Caliban is a more lowly and menial servant.Caliban's Nature Calibans Nature When looking at Shakespeares The Tempest one can find an underlying themes of civilization verses barbarism.The characters that are created represent symbols of nature, and their actions build their symbolism.At the play's close a chastened Caliban declares, 'I'll be wise hereafter, And seek for grace' (5.1.294-295) as part of the general reconciliation engineered by Prospero. He is a 'monster' (2.2.66), a 'moon-calf (2.2.107), a 'born devil' (4.1. Because his father was a devil, Caliban is supernatural like Ariel, but unlike that airy spirit, he has no supernatural powers.He is more like a debased human than like any other supernatural creature in Shakespeare.He frees a spirit named Ariel from a spell and in turn makes the spirit his slave. These two slaves, Caliban and Ariel represent the theme of nature verses nature.Caliban is considered the illustration of the wild, a beast of nature.Caliban : Caliban is the beast-like slave of the magician Prospero.Before the time of the play, Prospero and his daughter Miranda took Caliban, the illegitimate son of a witch and a devil, into their home and taught him to speak and function as a human, but his response was to attempt to rape the girl.