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The issue of abortion also brings in cultural and gender issues.While gender issues have a liberating impact, cultural issues pose severe constraints on women deciding to go for abortion. The Human Drama of Abortion: A Global Search for Consensus, Vanderbilt University Press, 2006 Jones, Roger.However, the fear of social condemnation and moral judgment far outweigh the worry about health consequences.
The fact is abortions take place whether legal or not.
There are severe health consequences in societies where legal abortions are hard to obtain.
The impact of illegal abortions on mental health has been found to be severe in societies with restrictive policies (Legge p.39).
The first laws against abortion began to be made in Europe in 19 century, almost two thirds of the women lived in nations that had legalized abortion.
While abortion is seen as empowering women by making the reproductive health accessible to them, it is also seen as causing physical and mental trauma (Liamputtong p.93).
The consequences of abortion for women as well as society depend on twin factors of legal progress and increased access to safe abortion.
On the other hand, induced abortions are caused by deliberate intervention.
Induced abortions include both, those performed in accordance with legal sanctions, and those performed outside the law.
The abortion related female mortality has been found to be high in societies where abortion is legally restricted and reproductive health services are poor.
In contrast where these two factor are favorable, a woman opting to abort need not fear risk associated with health (Sundstrom, 1996 as cited in Faundes and Barzellato p.41).