After the cervix is dilated the content of the uterus is allowed to drain out (Trupin).
Another way to surgically abort an unwanted pregnancy is a manual or vacuum aspiration.
The other type of surgical abortion is much less common and is usually only used when the mother’s life is in danger or serious medical problems with the fetus.
In this procedure the cervix is prepared very similarly to the dilation and evacuation, but instead the fetus is passed through the cervix intact (Trupin).
These hormone-like compounds are injected or applied to ... Approximately 93 percent of all induced abortions are done for elective, non-medical reasons. One of the surgical options is dilation and evacuation; this process is the safest and most common method of second trimester surgical abortion.
The same instrument used for first trimester cervix dilation procedures, called the laminaria, is again placed in the woman’s cervix and forces it to dilate, once dilated enough a combination of suction curettage and manual evacuation of the fetus and placenta (Trupin).
Surgical abortions are less common during the first trimester of the pregnancy.
Cervix dilation is rarely necessary during the first trimester of the pregnancy, if required the patient will have an instrument resembling a stick called a laminaria placed in her cervix for many hours or even overnight (Trupin).
This procedure is more dangerous than the aspirations because the metal is much less flexible than the plastic cannula or syringe.
Second trimester abortions are not as safe and give women a limited amount of options.