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• identifies gaps in previous studies; identifies flawed methodologies and/or theoretical approaches; avoids replication of mistakes.• identifies possible trends or patterns in the literature.
These are good especially for up-to-date information.
They are frequently used in Lit Reviews because they offer a relatively concise, up-to-date format for research, and because all reputable journals are refereed or peer-reviewed, i.e., editors publish only the most relevant and reliable research that has been reviewed by other experts in the field.
• Government/corporate reports: A good source for a Lit Review.
Many government departments and corporations commission or carry out research.
A Lit Review is written in the style of an expository essay; it has an introduction, body, and conclusion, and it is organized around a controlling idea or thesis.
Compare this to an annotated Works Cited list, which is simply an alphabetized list of sources accompanied by summaries and evaluations (annotations).• helps the researcher avoid repetition of earlier research.• determines whether past studies agree or disagree; identifies controversy in the literature.• tests assumptions; may help counter preconceived ideas and remove unconscious bias. The “literature” is the collection of books and journal articles, government documents, and other scholarly works you found to be relevant to your research topic.• Journal articles: An excellent source for a Lit Review.How to Write a Literature Review What is a literature review?Written in essay style, a literature review (Lit Review) describes, classifies, and evaluates the sources of information published on a given topic. It’s a review of a collection of research published by accredited scholars and researchers that is relevant to a research question.• indicates timely nature of one’s research, if applicable.• suggests previously unused or underused methodologies, designs, quantitative, and qualitative strategies.These can be useful in providing the latest research or research that has not been published.They are also helpful in providing information on which people are currently involved in which research areas, and so can be helpful in tracking down other work by the same researchers.