Deductive reasoning starts with the assertion of a general rule and ends up in a guaranteed specific conclusion.
A researcher with the competency to critical think can reflect, think independently, stay objective, problem solve to deduce a solution.
Therefore, Critical Thinking requires self-actuated discipline and correction to get one step closer to the solution iteratively.
Although design researchers are expected to have this competency independently, Critical Thinking promotes group ideation and task execution as well.
Though, it shouldn’t be seen as an opportunity to criticize someone else’s ideas or work.
Critical Thinking is a method of analyzing ideas, concepts or data collected to evaluate the situation from different perspectives and arrive at an unbiased optimum solution.
A critical thinker can anticipate the consequences of certain actions in advance.
However, Critical Thinking is not a competency that is extremely difficult to master.
It is difficult to separate reasoning from thinking and hence, this is the best context to introduce the three reasoning types: Deductive, Inductive and Abductive.
The researcher employs different methods to collect data, analyze it and arrive at the solution that addresses user needs and expectations.
One of the most important competencies that a researcher must have in order to arrive at an optimum solution is the ability to critically think and analyze.