Now that you have spent three days preparing your evidence and your secondary sources, take a day to plan the essay structure.
Write down one sentence for every proposed paragraph, and read this plan as an argument: does it make sense? Be clear in your writing, avoid jargon, and focus on the point that you are trying to make.
Efforts have to be made to close this gap and to develop integrated research assessment approaches, such as those available for policy impact assessments. In the light of the international discourse on grand societal challenges and sustainable development, the debate is reinforced about the role of research on economic growth, societal well-being, and environmental integrity (1).
Research impact assessment (RIA) is a key instrument to exploring this role (2).
However, neither academic values of science, based on the assumption of ‘knowledge as progress’, nor market values frameworks (‘profit as progress’) seem adequate for achieving and assessing broader public values (7).
Those approaches do not explicitly acknowledge the contribution of research to solving societal challenges, although they are sufficient to measure scientific excellence (8) or academic impact.Our analytical framework covered three categories: (1) the assessment level of research (policy, programme, organization, project, technology, or other); (2) the type of assessment method (conceptual, qualitative, or quantitative); and (3) the impact areas (economic, social, environmental, or sustainability).The analysis revealed that most papers (56%) addressed economic impacts, such as cost-effectiveness of research funding or macroeconomic effects.original scientific papers, short communications, information, and studies covering all areas of agricultural engineering, agricultural technology, processing of agricultural products, countryside buildings and related problems from ecology, energetics, economy, ergonomy and applied physics and chemistry. The Publishing Board of the CAAS is pleased to announce its movement to a double-blind review process (November 1, 2018).Authors and reviewers will be anonymous to each other.Submission of anonymized version of the papers (manuscripts) is for all authors that wish to publish at CAAS user friendly and similar to other publishing houses in the Czech Republic and abroad. All the submitted manuscripts are checked by the Cross Ref Similarity Check.Agrindex of AGRIS/FAO database CAB Abstracts CNKI Czech Agricultural and Food Bibliography DOAJ (Directory of Open Access Journals) EBSCO – Academic Search Ultimate Google Scholar SCOPUS All content is made freely available for non-commercial purposes, users are allowed to copy and redistribute the material, transform, and build upon the material as long as they cite the source.There was a tendency of preferring quantitative methods for economic impacts, and qualitative methods for social impacts.The most striking finding was the ‘blind eye’ towards environmental and sustainability implications in research impact assessments.Only one paper considered all three sustainability dimensions.We found a majority of papers assessing research impacts at the level of technologies, particularly for economic impacts.